HOW TO GET AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP AND RESIDENCY
This article will review how to get citizenship and residency in the US. It will look at green cards, residency by investment and also reviewing your investment portfolio if you move to the US due to local laws.
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Since 9/11, getting into the US has become progressively more and more difficult even for countries with historical ties to America, such as the United Kingdom and Australia.
This article will review different ways to get residency and citizenship in the US in 2020 and beyond. This article has been researched with the help of legal experts but shouldn’t be considered legal advice.
‘Green card’ is the card that allows permanent residency in the United States. It is issued by the U.S.A. to the immigrants under the INA (Immigration and Nationality Act) in order to provide the benefit of living permanently in the country.
The people who have the green card are also known as Green Card Holders or Lawful Permanent Residents. The green card was once known by the name of ‘Alien Registration Card’ or ‘Alien Registration Receipt Card’ but eventually got the name green card due to its green color.
It was found out in a survey that there are more than 13 million people in the United States with the green card out of which 9 million people are eligible for citizenship in the U.S.A.
Citizenship is only provided to the people who have been living in the U.S.A. for a minimum of five years and have a very good character morally. It can also be obtained for individuals having an age less than 18 years by having one parent as a U.S. citizen.
Every permanent resident of the U.S.A. is provided with a green card and people with age more than 18 years can be sentenced to a punishment of 30 days in jail if they are not having access to their green card (except for some circumstances).
Applications for a green card are approved or declined by the ‘USCICS’ (the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services). It can also be issued by the Immigration Judge, members of BIA (Board of Immigration Appeals) or a federal judge by acting on behalf of the U.S. Attorney General by passing a special court order in the process of removal proceedings.
Any green card holder can be made removable from the U.S.A., if the individual gets involved in any sort of serious crime or an aggravated felony after the imprisonment of the respective individual is completed within the previous 15 years.
There are 5 types of categories for immigrants in order to achieve permanent residency in the United States. They are:
- Sponsorship from a member of the family.
- Special Employment
- Green card through major investment (with a minimum of $500,000)
- Diversity lottery program conducted by the government of the United States.
- Reference as a refugee by the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees).
The eligibility criteria for each category is as follows:
‘Sponsorship from a family member’ — Green card can be obtained with the help of family members under the following eligibility criteria.
‘IR visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual comes under the immediate relative category (which includes spouse, children under 21 years of age) of the existing U.S. citizens.
‘F1 visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual is an unmarried son or daughter (older than or equal to 21 years of age) of the existing U.S. citizen.
‘F2A visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual is a spouse or a minor child (under 21 years of age) of the green card holders or the lawful permanent residents.
‘F2B visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual is an unmarried son or daughter (older than or equal to 21 years of age) of a permanent resident of the U.S.A.
‘F3 visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual is a married son or a daughter of the existing U.S. citizens.
‘F4 visa’ — This is the type of visa obtained when the individual is either a brother or a sister of the existing U.S. citizen.
‘Employment-based’ — The green card can also be obtained based on different types of employment categories under the following criteria.
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